Who does not like to eat red strawberries, ripe, juicy and very rich in taste and aroma? However, to maximize the yield of this berry, it is necessary to care for the bushes all year round. They need to handle, feed and water. This is due to the fact that the budding of fruit buds for the next year takes place this season.
This article will explain how strawberries are prepared for winter and autumn. When and how to water the berries? What fertilizers need to be made under the bushes before hibernation? How to spud and shelter than strawberries? These questions will be highlighted in the article.
A strawberry will survive the winter only if it has a healthy leaf apparatus. After harvesting, the old leaves and tendrils from strawberries must be cut, because the antennae will not have time to form a healthy outlet before the onset of cold weather. They will only weaken the mother bush. If you want to transplant strawberries in the future, then leave the first outlet on each bush.
Tip! To avoid damaging the plant's root system, use scissors or pruners to trim the whiskers and leaves. Do not tear off your mustache, as they are stronger bushes.
Pruning leaves should be carried out correctly, as they are the main vegetative organs of strawberry bushes, through which the process of photosynthesis passes. So why do you need to prune old leaves? This is explained by the fact that old strawberry leaves are a favorite habitat of pests and diseases. And timely pruning protects strawberries from them.
Important! Do not cut too many leaves. Remove only the green part of them, and the stalks should remain intact. If the growing point is unscathed, then new ones will grow in place of the old leaves.
When specks of so-called rust begin to form on the leaves, they must be cut off. So, the place for growth of healthy, young leaflets will be released.
To make sure that pruning has a positive effect on strawberry yield, conduct a small experiment: remove old leaves and antennae on one bed, and not on the second. In this case, you can say for sure what is good and what is bad for your beds with a favorite red berry.
Sometimes at the end of summer, soft mites appear on the strawberry bushes. They are so microscopic that they cannot be detected with the naked eye. The main sign of mite damage to a plant is the condition of the leaves. Young leaves develop poorly and have a dark green matte color, despite the fact that the petioles remain short.
Unfortunately, to date, a tool has not yet been developed for dealing with a soft-mite, therefore, damaged bushes should be immediately removed from the bed and burned.
When and how to hilling and transplanting
In preparation for the winter does not include hilling bushes in the fall. This is done a little earlier, namely at the end of August. This is due to the fact that in the process of hilling the root system is injured and the strawberries may not survive the winter if the roots do not have time to recover.
A warning! Some gardeners and gardeners claim that the best time to transplant strawberries is autumn. But it is better to do in August. In this case, the plants will have time to settle down and survive the winter easier.
Transplantation is carried out every 5-6 years. In poorly fertilized soil, it is necessary to change the bushes every 4 years. Should be removed those bushes in which the root system began to rise above the ground. In this case, the young bushes will develop better, so that you can update the landing. In the process of transplanting it is important to loosen the top layer of soil. So, you will provide the root system with enough air, thanks to which the bushes will take root faster and easier. In addition, digging will provide an opportunity to remove the roots of perennial weeds. Loosening will allow root feeding.
Since strawberries lose all their strength during the fruiting period, it must be fed after harvesting. If the weather is hot, the bushes must be watered.
Strawberry is a culture sensitive to high salt concentrations, therefore it is impossible to saturate the soil in the beds with this plant with fertilizers. Before wintering culture should go into a state of rest. The fact that the strawberry entered the period of rest can be judged by the leaves on short petioles, which form the winter leaf rosette. It takes place in November.
As a fertilizer for strawberries, rotted manure, compost or straw can serve. This plant needs to get enough minerals. On the beds with strawberries there should be no weeds, as they absorb nutrients from the soil, as a result of which the bushes will lose their strength and will be less fruitful.
Caring for strawberries in the fall also includes soil mulching. This event should be held if you want to transplant the young. Sockets with roots are formed from the whiskers and that they are prepared for wintering and take root, they must be sprinkled with earth mixed with peat. However, you can not cover the ground point of growth. Otherwise, the young growth will slow down.
Mulching can also be carried out with a mixture of soil and humus. Under such circumstances, this layer will serve as a fertilizer of bushes and covering material. The bushes prepared this way will survive the winter cold. Mulching requires utmost care. It is important not to cover the soil with humus or peat leaves and bushes, only the soil around the bushes is involved.
In the late autumn period, the first frosts occur, and it is at this time that strawberry bushes need to be covered. The best shelter is mulching and snow. In warm winters and with plenty of snow, there will be no need for additional strawberry shelter.
However, if in your region there is little snow and severe frosts, then strawberries should be covered. Lapnik can serve as a covering material. Young animals need to be covered completely, and maternal bushes - in a circle. In this case, strawberries and rodents will not start in strawberries.
If you take good care of the plant, it will reward you with a bountiful harvest in the next season. Also, as a covering material, many gardeners use tops / plant leaves and straw. Often mice are wound up in the straw, and the foliage and foliage sags, as a result of which access to the bushes is limited, and charms appear.Important! The best covering material, as practice has shown, is a lap branches, under which you can put brushwood, which will improve air circulation.
For the shelter of strawberry and strawberry bushes also use special materials, such as spandbod and agrotex. The density of the material should be 60 g / m2. Ukryvna material is stretched on a pre-prepared arc or frame, mounted on the beds. It is worth noting that such a material is well breathable, so the bushes do not deteriorate and do not fade. In places where covering material will come into contact with the soil, the earth will freeze even deeper. Therefore, the presence of the frame is required.
If you care for strawberries all year round and properly prepare it for wintering, then the harvest next year will delight you and your family. In addition, we invite you to view a related topic video material: