As soon as the sun warms, and the gardeners go to their dacha or household plots, the real war with weeds begins. These green enemies of cultivated plantations exhaust the summer residents all summer.
Weeds in the garden huge hordes. We have to fight with dandelions, wheatgrass, quinoa, polynya, sow thistle and other weeds. Among this family of hard weeds, a lot of difficulties with the removal is provided by the schichitsa thrown back. This herb is a photo below, can be found in all gardens, in the fields and gardens of Russia.
Schirits ordinary or thrown back was brought to China, India, to the European continent from South America more than a century ago, when intercontinental flights on airplanes began. At home, the plant was one of the most important Aboriginal food. When Europeans appeared on the American continent, they saw that the grass was eaten, calling, Inca bread and Aztec wheat.
This herb has another name:
- red root;
The word "amaranth" has Greek roots and is translated as "eternal."
The very first began to grow the red root in Spain, then the shchiritsya thrown back appeared in other European countries. At first it was an ornamental plant, then it began to be used as food (croup) and for pet food. Young leaves of schiritsa - a great ingredient for salads.Attention! In spite of all the beneficial properties, the schiritsa or the red root is, after all, a malicious weed, which cannot be eradicated forever.
Enemy need to know
Schyritsus back or ordinary belongs to the family of Amaranths or Echiritsy. This is an annual herbaceous plant that grows under favorable conditions up to one meter. Straight pubescence on straight branched stem.
The weed schiritsa is distinguished by a long taproot extending to a depth of over two meters. In diameter, the root system can occupy an area of more than a meter. The plant is drought-resistant, because the long root allows you to get moisture at great depths.Attention! The root is red in color, so the vernacular is commonly referred to as the red root.
The leaves of schiritsy are rather large, resembling diamonds in shape. They are gray-green in color on the upper surface, and the lower part is reddish. Scapes and veins in schiritsy striped.
The first plants on the site may appear as early as April. For seed germination, 6-8 degrees is enough. They do not germinate only at a temperature of +50 degrees. The seeds of schiritsa are very small, they weigh only 0.4 g, but one plant can produce up to one million reddish brown seeds.
Flowering begins in June and lasts until October. The flowers of schichitsy inconspicuous, almost imperceptible, collected in a tight panicle. The first frosts for the red root are not terrible.
In the gardens there is another species of amaranth - shchiritsa zhindovidnaya. It is a cover plant with reddish shoots creeping along the ground. One shrub forms more than ten of these stems. Leaves near schmidovidina schichvidnoy small, oval. Inflorescence paniculata with a lot of seeds. Look at the photo, what this shchiritsa looks like.
Important! Ripened seeds of amaranth can give offspring this summer, so it is very difficult to fight it.
Methods of struggle
Red root, another name for Schyrzia, is an aggressive weed. In a favorable year, up to 1000 plants can be counted on one square meter. Frost resistance and the ability to grow schiritsy even when drought, contributes to the widespread weed. It is possible to meet an ordinary or amaranth thrown back almost all over Russia, even in the northern regions. It is not only in deserts.
The soil does not matter, but on fertile, well-cultivated soils, the psepvekolnik feels much better.Comment! The seeds of schiritsy thrown back have a hard shell and it is difficult to germinate.
But it is necessary to hold agrotechnical measures in the garden, so the rapid germination begins.
Many villagers care about how to get rid of shchiritsy in the garden or in the garden. If some weeds can be defeated by weeding and loosening, then in the case of amaranth you will have to resort to complex measures:
Let's try to figure out what is special about each method.
Mechanical weed removal
Most often, gardeners and gardeners in the fight against weeds, including shchiritsy, use a mechanical method. It includes digging the soil, sampling the grass along with the roots by hand. It is necessary to weed the binder regularly, not letting it bloom.
How to deal with shchiritsy biological means? Protecting a garden or garden with soil mulching is not at all difficult. Many gardeners and gardeners recommend using old cardboard, roofing felt, boards or dark film. Places overgrown with shchiritsy, or paths between the ridges cover with any material that does not transmit sunlight. Everyone probably remembers from biology that the seeds for germination and plants need light. In addition, under the covering material creates a high temperature, shchiritsy seeds and sprouting weeds burn.
If you decide to use this method to destroy shchiritsy, it will be executed only in small areas. The bottom line is that you regularly have to cut off the ground part of the plants. For amaranth, this method is used if the weed has grown higher than human growth. It is unreal to pull out such a sphyssum with the root, it remains only to trim. The root will begin to forcefully push out new greens. The more often you pick up the scissors, the faster the plant's vitality will run out. As a result, the weed dies.
This method of weed control is effective in areas between garden trees and shrubs and around the trunks. As a rule, weeding has to be done very often. To facilitate the work, many gardeners and gardeners advise sowing the area with grassy plants that cover the entire surface, preventing the weeds from breaking out.
You can use natural insecticides, which include marigolds and marigolds. One of the measures to combat schichytsya is sowing the areas with green manure. This operation is carried out after the harvest. For this you can use mustard, rye. Grown plants cover with dark material (mulch) and leave until next year. Under the materials creates a high temperature, siderata and weeds perepravayut. In the spring of weeds, including amaranth, it will not be thrown back, and the soil will be enriched with nutrients.Attention! Weed seeds can not sprout and die.
Chemical treatment area
The use of chemistry in the cottage or backyard is possible only in those places where there is no cultural plantings. So, weed plants can be treated with herbicides, including shchiritsu, growing on garden paths or along fences.
Since almost any herbicide is a drug of continuous action, they destroy any plants, not just weeds. Gardeners use tools such as:
- Lapis lazuli and others.
A warning! Use herbicides need exactly as intended in accordance with the instructions.
Struggling with a spike of ordinary or curled, do not forget that herbicides are toxic means, the poison can accumulate in the soil and plants. Therefore, gardeners and gardeners first apply on their plots safe ways to destroy green pests.
Let's sum up
There are many ways how to get rid of a shchiritsa on a summer residence or a personal plot. But the effectiveness of any of them will be much higher, if you do not forget about preventive measures.
Listen to the advice of experienced gardeners, then weeds will be much less:
- Never apply fresh manure to the soil. The fact is that the seeds of anchurite retain their vitality, even after visiting the cow's stomach. Moreover, they undergo a kind of stratification there. Helminths may be contained in fresh manure.
- When mulching the soil with dry grass, do not use plants with seeds.
- When laying compost from green mass, use plants before the flowering phase.
- Cut the amaranth with a flat cutter while it is still small.
A simple remedy for weeds do it yourself: