Strawberry Chamora Turusi is distinguished by a mid-ripening period, high yield and excellent taste. The origin of the variety is not known for sure, according to one of the versions the berry was brought from Japan.
Strawberries have their own characteristics that must be considered when growing. Chamora Turusi is considered an unpretentious variety that can cope with frosts.
You can evaluate the external qualities of the variety by the photo:
Strawberry Chamora Turusi has the following characteristics:
- ripens with a short light day;
- has tall, powerful bushes with lots of leaves;
- forms a large mustache;
- has high winter hardiness, but does not tolerate drought;
- strawberry is not very susceptible to powdery mildew;
- requires additional treatment from fungal lesions;
- fruits of a comb form, roundish, saturated red color;
- berries have a bright aroma of wild strawberry;
- the average weight of the fruits of Chamora Turusi is from 50 to 70 g;
- maximum fruit weight is from 80 to 110 g;
- yield - 1.5 kg from a bush;
- strawberry fruit bearing duration - 6 years;
- maximum yield is harvested at 3 years after planting;
- the first berries ripen in mid-June, the peak of fruiting is at the end of the month.
Features of growing
Caring for Chamora Turusi strawberries includes watering, pruning of dried and diseased leaves, loosening the soil. Particular attention is paid to irrigation and fertilization. Top dressing of strawberry is carried out several times in a season.
Chamora Turusi breeds with a mustache or by dividing a bush. Plant saplings quickly take root and grow.
Mustaches are not taken from the bushes that brought the harvest, because most of the forces of Chamora Turusi sent for ripening berries. In this case, the plant is not able to give high-quality seedlings.
For breeding strawberries choose mother bushes, which remove all the buds. On plants leave the strongest mustache.
The powerful root system of strawberries Chamora Turusi allows reproduction by dividing the bush. To do this, select plants that give a rich harvest. The procedure is carried out in the spring so that the young people can adapt to the new conditions.
Pre-seedlings are placed in small pots with soil and peat and placed for several weeks in a greenhouse. In the first year, buds are removed from Chamora Turusi to help them take root.
The Chamora Turus variety is planted in black soil, sandy or loamy soil. Before planting the soil is fertilized with nutrients.
If the soil is sandy, then under the action of the sun the strawberry roots dry out. As a result, the size and number of fruits decreases. Such soil should be fertilized with peat or compost in the amount of up to 12 kg per square meter of Chamora Turusi plantings.
In heavy clay soils, the strawberry root system develops slowly. To improve the quality of the soil will help large river sand. Often, high beds are arranged with a drainage layer of branches.Tip! Strawberry prefers well-lit areas, protected from the wind.
Between the bushes leave up to 50 cm to avoid thickening of the landings. With good airing Chamora Turusi less sick and does not attract insects. With this method of planting it is easy to remove the whiskers, carry out weeding and loosening.Important! Strawberries thrive on soils where onions, cabbage, beans, rye, legumes have previously grown.
The seedling is placed in the ground to a depth of 15 cm, straighten the roots and sprinkle with earth. For planting Chamora Turusi choose the end of August to plant rooted and gain strength. If the region is characterized by cold and little snowy winters, then strawberries are planted in May.
Chamora Turusi variety requires moderate watering. With a lack of moisture, the plant fades, the leaves become stiff, and the berries - small. Excessive watering will also not benefit the strawberry - the bush will rot, the fruit will become watery in taste, gray rot and brown spot spread will spread.Tip! Strawberries are started to be watered in late April (in a warm climate) or early May.
Before the first watering of plants, the mulch layer and the old foliage are removed. The procedure is carried out in the morning to avoid leaf burn. For watering Chamora Turus requires water temperatures of 15 degrees. Pre-water can be heated.Important! In the spring each strawberry bush needs up to 0.5 liters of moisture.
On average, it is enough to water the planting once a week. In hot weather, the procedure is carried out more often. Fertilization is often combined with irrigation (mullein, minerals, etc.).
Chamora Turusi badly tolerates drought. Therefore, when the temperature rises in summer, strawberries need to be watered. Especially important is the access of moisture during fruiting. Then allowed to produce watering daily.Tip! Watering strawberries carries out watering can, hose or drip system.
Drip irrigation includes a network of pipelines that provide moisture to the roots of plants. As a result, a uniform distribution of moisture occurs and its consumption is reduced.
Trimming and Loosening
Strawberry Chamora Turusi is prone to rapid overgrowth, therefore it requires constant care. In the spring and after the end of fruiting, you must remove the whiskers, old and diseased leaves. For work applied pruner.
In the autumn, you can remove all the leaves of strawberry to direct its strength to the formation of the root system. This procedure has its drawbacks, since the buds are eliminated, from which the berries appear. The plant will need more time to build a green mass.Important! Remove the extra leaves needed in the spring to preserve the crop.
In September, the soil is loosened to a depth of 15 cm between the rows of the Chamora Turusi. Under the bush, the depth of loosening is up to 3 cm, so as not to damage the rhizome.
Loosening improves the access of oxygen to the roots, which has a positive effect on the development of strawberries. For loosening, forks or metal bars are required.
Additionally, the beds are covered with a layer of sawdust, peat or straw. So, Chamora Turusi receives protection from pests, and the soil retains moisture and heat better.
The use of fertilizers increases the yield of strawberries and contributes to its development. To get the largest berries, Chamore Turusi need to provide a comprehensive feeding. Even in the absence of feeding the plant is capable of producing fruits weighing up to 30 g.
Summer residents feed strawberries in several stages:
- spring before flowering;
- after the appearance of the ovaries;
- summer after harvest;
- in the autumn period.
The first feeding is carried out in the spring after the removal of old leaves and loosening. During this period, strawberries of Chamora Turusi should be supplied with nitrogen, which contributes to the growth of green mass of plants.
The solution is prepared on the basis of chicken manure (0.2 g) per 10 liters of water. After a day, the tool is used for watering.
Tip! When the ovaries appear, Chamoru Turusi is fertilized with a solution of ash (1 cup per bucket of water).
Ash contains potassium, calcium and phosphorus, allowing to improve the taste of berries and accelerate their ripening. When the crop is harvested, strawberries are fed with nitrophoska (30 g per bucket of water).
In the fall, mullein is used to feed strawberries. 0.1 kg of fertilizer is enough for a bucket of water. During the day, means insist, then watered strawberries under the root.
Protection against diseases and pests
The Japanese Chamora Turus variety is susceptible to fungal diseases, such as brown and white spot, and damage to the root system. It is possible to determine the development of diseases by the presence of spots on the leaves and the depression of strawberries.
Procedures are performed in spring before the flowering of strawberries. Fungicides that destroy the fungus (Ridomil, Horus, Oxy) are used for processing.
When hit on plants, they form a protective layer that does not allow the disease to develop. Additionally, you can pour the soil with iodine solution (20 drops of iodine in a bucket of water).Tip! Drugs for diseases are used by spraying.
Chamora Turusi may suffer from larvae of the May beetle, slugs and weevil. Insecticide treatment (Calypso, Aktara, Decis) will help protect the planting of strawberries.
Processing from insects is carried out before flowering. The equipment of small ditches where ashes or tobacco dust fall asleep will help to keep strawberries from slugs. Additionally, the planting is treated with a solution of iodine, ash or garlic.
Alexandra, 45, Ulyanovsk Chamora deserves the most complimentary praise. For the season on the strawberry never appeared rot. Preparing the beds in October, there were not enough seedlings, so even weak bushes were used. Surprisingly, everyone got accustomed. Two weeks after planting, there were frosts, but the strawberries survived them. Today I have two beds with massive strawberry bushes and a large berry. Hope, 56 years old, Kirov Among all the large-fruited varieties, the Chamora Turusi strawberries ripen faster than anyone, and is distinguished by high strength. When arranging the beds, I add ash and organic matter, then the berry grows up to 100 g in weight. From a young bush, up to 1 kg of crop is harvested. The main thing is to leave between the bushes more free space. Strawberries are made from the berries for the winter, and they quickly leave fresh. Igor, 64, Ufa I grow Chamoru Turusi for sale. Berries are large and sweet, always in demand. On 1 square. m planted no more than 4 bushes. Strawberries grow quickly, there is never a shortage of planting material. In the heat, I watched the roasting of fruits, when half-green dried out in June, but the gray rot did not bother. But the frost without any problems endures, especially if the snow cover is high. Vladimir, 45, the city of Stavropol Chamora Turusi is one of the latest berries in my garden. Berries need constant watering, since ripening occurs in 3-4 days. With a lack of moisture, they grow not so large, however, they acquire a sweet taste. I use only fertile soil for planting strawberries, I prefer not to overdo it with fertilizers. I process the bushes in the fall with fungicides until there are no problems with diseases.
Chamora Turusi is valued for its taste, unpretentiousness and large berries. Variety suitable for growing for sale, canning and freezing. Strawberries require proper care, which includes watering, loosening, pruning, protection from insects and diseases.