Cucumbers are so loved by gardeners that they do not grow them on their own plots just lazy. After all, they are good and fresh directly from the garden, and for use in salads, and for the manufacture of cosmetic masks. And what wonderful preparations for the winter can be made from cucumbers. That's just to grow them is not always easy. After all, cucumbers are not only loved by people - all sorts of pests and microorganisms are also not averse to eat crispy greens. And the cucumbers themselves are quite demanding to care - they need abundant watering and regular feeding. But many people do not want to use chemical fertilizers and means of protection on their own land, because cucumbers are growing for themselves and their families. That gardeners turn to the old, time-tested popular recipes.
Processing cucumbers with milk is one of these procedures, which copes with several tasks at once. This is a wonderful top dressing, and effective protection against various misfortunes that await cucumber plants at every turn.
The use of milk and its derivatives in the garden is not a new technique recently invented. Milk has been consumed by people for several millennia and has been engaged in the cultivation of vegetables throughout this period. Therefore, they could not help but notice the beneficial effect of milk on many plants. Why is this happening?Important! Milk has a very rich nutrient composition.
Only of those elements that may be interesting for cucumbers, should be mentioned:
- copper and more.
In addition, milk has several special properties that make it useful when used in garden work.
- No pest is able to digest milk sugar (lactose), since insects simply lack some organs in the digestive system. Consequently, the processing of cucumbers with milk is capable of building a barrier for many pests wishing to feast on juicy cucumber lashes.
- When spraying the leaves with a milky solution, a very thin film is formed on them that prevents various pathogens from penetrating inside.
- Milk can help the process of assimilation by the plant of cucumbers of other useful substances that are contained in the soil or are introduced together with top dressing.
Hence the conclusion - feeding cucumbers with milk can solve several problems at once:
- Providing plants with nutrients
- Protection against diseases and pests
- Soil saturation with beneficial substances that enhance microbiological activity.
Ways to use milk
Of course, it is desirable to use raw milk for the processing of cucumbers. Pasteurized and, moreover, sterilized milk does not always bring the desired effect, because heat treatment destroys many useful vitamins and minerals, whatever the manufacturers of these products may say.
Tip! It is strictly not recommended to use milk in its pure form, especially whole milk, which has an increased percentage of fat content.
In this way, you can not only help but also cause real harm to plants, in particular, cucumbers.
To use milk in the garden, it must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 or even at 1:10. It all depends on what purpose you are processing.
Watering with milk solution
If you wish to produce mainly top dressing of cucumbers in 5 liters of water, dilute 1 liter of not very fat milk, carefully stir and water the resulting solution cucumber bushes so that each plant gets about 0.5 liters of the milk solution.Comment! It should be borne in mind that due to the susceptibility of cucumbers to such a disease as gray rot, it is not necessary to make any watering and processing of the bushes directly under the root.
It is better to dig a shallow groove around the entire circumference of 10-15 cm from the base of the bush, so that the root is in the center of this circle, and water directly into this depression. Usually, cucumber roots are located close to the surface and are able to find all the substances they need.
By the way, it is possible to water cucumber plants from above, so that the milk solution will be absorbed by the leaves and additional protection from diseases and pests will be provided.
Spraying dairy solutions
Most often, the milk solution is used for prophylactic treatment of cucumbers. It is known that any problem is much easier to prevent than to deal with its consequences.
The most common and unpleasant diseases of cucumbers are real and downy mildew. These diseases especially begin to rage if summer will be rainy and cool. Promote the emergence of diseases and abundant fertilizing with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. On the leaves of cucumbers, white spots first appear, similar to those that remain from flour sprinkling (hence the name), and then the leaves turn yellow and die.
It is best to start the preventive treatment of cucumbers, when they form 5-6 true leaves and repeat them regularly every two weeks. In this case, outbreaks of disease can not be allowed.
To prepare the necessary solution in a 10-liter bucket, dilute 1 liter of milk, 30 drops of regular iodine, 20 grams of laundry soap, ground on a grater. All shake well and spray the cucumber bushes.Attention! Iodine in this solution serves as a powerful antiseptic, and laundry soap provides a good stickiness of the solution to the leaves.
In general, it is iodine that is known for its beneficial effects on cucumbers. It is capable of preventing yellowing of leaves on cucumber lashes and creates a rejuvenating effect when many new buds and ovaries are waking up on the stems. Therefore, the processing of cucumbers with iodine should be carried out very carefully, not forgetting to spray the underside of the leaves. It is advisable to spray not only the plants themselves, but also the ground around them.
Spraying should be carried out in cloudy weather or in the evening after sunset. Otherwise, cucumber leaves can get burned.
The same solution is quite effective against bacteriosis and root rot. And he is able to help cope with the invasion of various types of aphids.
It should be noted that not only milk, but also various dairy products have a similar effect on cucumbers: whey, kefir, sour milk. In particular, the following recipe, which can cope with the blight, is popular among gardeners.
For 10 liters of water, take 1 liter of whey, 40 drops of iodine and a tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide. This tool needs several times per season to thoroughly process all parts of the cucumber plants.
Thus, the use of milk, dairy products and commonly available products, such as iodine or hydrogen peroxide, allows you to cope with many problems in growing cucumbers and get a good harvest.