Tomato Dubrava can still be found under the name "Oak" - it is one and the same variety. It was bred by Russian breeders, intended for cultivation in the open field, suitable for small farms and garden plots. The variety is early ripening, unpretentious, quite fruitful, therefore Dubrava is grown with pleasure in all gardens and country houses of the country. Fruits are universal, they are suitable for salting, pickling, tomatoes make delicious salads and sauces, juices and mashed potatoes.
Characteristics and description of the variety of tomato Dubrava can be found in this article. Here is a description and procedure for those who want to grow Dubrava seedlings and plant this tomato on their own plot.
Dubrava tomato belongs to those varieties that can be grown on ordinary beds, they do not need to be staked and tied up, to look after such tomatoes is easy and simple. Therefore, Dubrava is great for novice gardeners, we love the variety and those who have been engaged in tomatoes for many years.
Characteristics of tomatoes Dubrava:
- the variety belongs to the early ripening - the first fruits turn red in the bushes already 86-90 days after the appearance of green shoots;
- Bushes are considered determinant, have an average number of shoots, do not need to be staved;
- height of adult plants is 45-65 cm, the bushes are compact, not spreading;
- leaves are small, light green, inflorescences are simple, medium size;
- the first floral ovary is formed under the 6-7 leaf, the rest alternate with every two leaves;
- ripe tomatoes are colored red, their shape is round, the peel is glossy;
- the flesh of the tomato is fleshy and quite tasty;
- the average weight of each fruit is 75-85 grams, there are tomatoes larger than 100 grams;
- the average yield of the variety Dubrava varies from 4.5 to 5.5 kg per square meter;
- Tomatoes are distinguished by good keeping quality, the appearance of the fruits and their taste do not suffer from transportation;
- The resistance of the variety Dubrava to various diseases is average, so the bushes should be regularly processed for preventive purposes.
The strengths of the Dubrava variety include:
- Early ripening, which allows in all areas to harvest before the onset of cold weather.
- Good taste characteristics.
- Universal purpose of the fruit.
- Simultaneous ripening of all fruits on the bushes.
- Compact size bushes.
- Unpretentiousness of tomatoes.
- The possibility of growing without shelter, in the open field.
- Average resistance to fungal infections and phytophthora.
Of course, it is worth noting that Dubrava tomatoes are not as tasty and fragrant as many large-fruited or pink tomatoes, but the quality of these fruits is much better than that of hybrid varieties. And yet, Dubrava can be an excellent "backup option" and help out a gardener in the event of the death of more capricious tomatoes.
How to grow
There is nothing difficult in breeding this variety: the gardener should follow the standard tomato cultivation technology. As already mentioned, Dubrava showed itself best on open ground, but, if necessary, this tomato can be planted in an unheated greenhouse.
Tip! In greenhouse conditions, tomatoes often suffer from late blight and fungal infections.
Since tomato Dubrava does not have 100% resistance to these diseases, preventive measures are necessary (chemical treatment, ventilation, mulching, drip irrigation).
Growing tomato seedlings
As the Dubrava tomato is intended for cultivation in an open ground, the best option of landing is the rassadny way. To grow seedlings of this tomato is necessary in accordance with the following recommendations:
- Terms of sowing seeds must be compared with the climatic features of the region. Usually, tomatoes are sown on seedlings for 50-60 days before the proposed planting in the ground. Based on this, it can be argued that the optimal time for sowing will be the middle or the end of March.
- For seedlings fit any container, it is preferable to choose plastic dishes. At the bottom of the planting containers must be drainage holes, as excess moisture is detrimental to the seedlings of tomatoes.
- The soil for tomato seedlings is better to buy in a specialty store, but you can cook it yourself. For tomatoes need loose and nutritious soil, which will be good to pass air and retain water.
- Immediately before sowing, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a two percent solution of manganese. Permanganat can replace any growth stimulant.
- While the seedlings are in the house, you need to carefully monitor the soil moisture. Land in plastic containers should not dry out, but moisture accumulation is also unacceptable.
- At the dive stage, tomato seedlings (when tomatoes have the first pair of leaves) add the first batch of fertilizers. It is better to use at this stage complexes of mineral components.
- Once again, the tomatoes are fed before planting in the ground, again using minerals.
- When a tomato seedling is “completed” for a month and a half, it begins to harden. To do this, you need to create the following conditions: in the daytime, keep the temperature at 18 degrees, and at night lower it to 12-13 degrees.
Planting seedlings in the ground
To get a good harvest, you need to choose the right place for Dubrava:
- the area where cucumbers, lettuce, carrots, cabbage, beans, onions or greens grew in the past season;
- a well-lit place with a warm land;
- with a fairly loose and nutritious soil that will allow air to flow well to the roots of the tomato.
Before planting seedlings of tomatoes, the land at the site must be dug up, remove all the weeds and their roots, make organic or mineral fertilizers. To garden plots, seedlings of Dubrava are brought out only when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, and the earth warms to a depth of 15 cm.
There are some rules for planting tomatoes in the ground:
- The planting scheme for Dubrava is standard for all determinant compact bushes - 40x60 cm.
- Pre-made wells are watered with a solution of potassium permanganate to disinfect the soil and protect tomato seedlings from infections.
- It is recommended to dig tomatoes in such a way that the first pair of leaves is a couple of centimeters above the ground. This planting will allow the root system to grow and normally feed on fertilizers, to get enough oxygen.
- For the first 7-10 days after planting, the seedlings are not watered; they need time to adapt to a new place.
- When the tomatoes get stronger, their leaves and stems will no longer be sluggish, you can begin to water the bushes in normal mode.
- If necessary, tomato seedlings are shaded to protect them from the scorching sun.
- When the tomatoes rooted to a sufficient degree, and they begin to appear new leaves, you can form a shrub, cutting off all the extra shoots and leaving two or three stems. This will help increase the yield of tomato and protect plants from excessive thickening.
Now it remains only to care for tomato bushes. Care is weeding, watering, loosening the soil, fertilizer. If there is a threat of infection of tomatoes with rot or late blight, prophylactic treatment should be carried out. Do not forget about the pests, so the bushes regularly inspect.
Attention! In the future, it is not necessary to tear off the stepsons from Dubrava tomatoes. Pinching is performed only once, at the stage of the formation of the bush.
FeedbackIrina Petrovna, Tver. We only bought a cottage two years ago, so in garden matters I am a complete layman. Nevertheless, I decided that I would definitely plant my small garden, and there should be tomatoes there. I remembered that even my grandmother planted a tomato Dubok in her house, went for seeds and did not find such a variety. The Internet prompted that now this tomato is called Dubrava. Seeds were planted on seedlings on March 20, around May 25, they transplanted tomatoes into the ground. I didn’t fertilize the ground, as we decided to make high beds and fill them with purchased soil. For the whole summer I had to water the tomatoes only 5-6 times. Once sprayed them from various pests, as a preventive measure. As a result, I received a decent result: there were many fruits, although they were all not too large. But in the banks fit perfectly! Next year I will definitely plant this variety again, and I will try other tomatoes. I enclose a photo of my last year's harvest.
Today, many hybrids and varietal tomatoes have been bred, the quality of which is several times higher than the characteristics of Dubrava fruit. However, Dubok, a favorite of gardeners, does not lose its relevance, remaining one of the most demanded tomatoes. The whole secret of popularity lies in the unpretentiousness and stability of the variety: in heat or cold, in drought or in conditions of high humidity, a tomato will still appreciate a good harvest.
The fruits of the Dubrava are somewhat hard, the size of the tomatoes from one bush can be very different, but they are well preserved and good in conservation.