The willow pear (lat. Pyrussalicifolia) refers to the plants of the genus Pear, family Pink. It was first described in 1776 by the German natural scientist Peter Semen Pallas. The tree gives an average increase of up to 20 cm per year. It is used in furniture production, for decoration of landscape gardening zones, and also as a stock for cultivated varieties of pears.
The wolfberry pear is a deciduous, light-loving tree. Crohn sprawled, sprawling, broadly ovoid. In diameter it reaches 4 m. Branches tending down and sides are prickly. New shoots whitewood omission. The barrel is usually somewhat curved. The height of the tree is 10-12 m. The bark of young plants has a reddish tint, but over time it gets dark and cracks appear on it. The root system is deep. Gives usually lateral growth.
The leaf plate is dark green in color, the bottom is a light gray color and slight omission. Sheet length 6-8 cm, width 1 cm, lanceolate form. The scape is short. Foliage collected in bunches at the edges of the shoots.
The flowers are small, 2-3 cm in diameter. Each has 5 white petals of 1x0.5 cm in size. The thyroid umbellate inflorescences consist of 7-8 flowers. The period of abundant flowering begins in April-May.
Fruits are small, 2-3 cm in size. The form is round and pear-shaped, in the period of technical maturity they are distinguished by a yellow-brown shade. Fruits ripen in September. Fruits of wolfberry are inedible.
The wolfberry has a weeping form called Pendula. The branches of this species are thin, drooping. Attracts a tree with open foliage and early massive flowering. With the onset of autumn and before the first frost it is strewn with small fruits. It looks unusual: pears grow on willow. Decorative properties of the plant retains for 35-40 years.
In the wild, the tree grows in eastern Transcaucasia, in the Caucasus, in Western Asia. They also grow willow pear in Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, Armenia. This species prefers stony plains, mountain slopes and hills. Often willow pear can be found in arid woodlands, juniper trees and shibliak. Protected in protected areas. Quietly grows in salty, dense, waterlogged soils. The only requirements of the tree is abundant lighting and the absence of cold gusts of wind.
Use in landscape design
The willow bush is used to enrich urban areas, parks, squares. It is suitable for giving ornamentation to homestead, garden plots. Looks impressive thanks to the volumetric, spherical shape. The photo above captures the white flowers of a wolfberry along with long leaves - an original combination. In landscape art, the tree is used as a single growing or as an element of landscape composition. A decorative willow pear for a hedge or trim plantings can be used. Looks great in tandem with coniferous crops.
The cultivation of willow pears
The wolfberry pear is a drought-resistant, frost-resistant tree that can grow in urban environments. Undemanding to the landing site. However, prefers moderately moist soils, the composition does not matter. The acidity level is neutral or alkaline.
Planting is carried out in the fall or spring. Saplings take one or two years. The recess is made in the size of 0.8x1 m. A fertile mixture of compost, sand and mineral fertilizers is poured at the bottom. After the procedure, the seedling is plentifully watered with water and mulch pristvolny circle.
In the future, willowy pear needs regular care.
- Watering is done 4-5 times per season. Water volume for an adult tree is 30-40 l.
- Feed the wolfberry pear 1 time in 3 years. However, if the soil is heavily depleted, an annual feed will be required. The rate of fertilizer per 1 square. m .: 20 g of superphosphate, 20 g of urea, 6-8 kg of compost, 25 g of potassium sulfate.
- The crown of an ornamental plant is formed naturally. In the spring and autumn, they carry out obligatory sanitary pruning. Remove dry, broken, damaged branches.
- Obtaining unusual and interesting tree shapes are achieved by the method of crown formation. For this, tapestries with wooden grids stretched in several rows are needed. If you direct the central branches along the arc-shaped support, you will get an arch of trees.
- The willow pear is capable of tolerating frosts down to - 23 ° С. It belongs to the 5th climatic zone. Gardeners recommend covering stumps and skeletal branches for the winter with paper or other heat-retaining material. To protect the roots from freezing, the near-barrel circle is mulched with peat or hay. A layer 15-20 cm thick is required.
- Propagated pear willow seed and layering. Cuttings take root badly.
Diseases and pests
The willow-leaved pear is a wild-growing plant in its advantage, therefore it practically does not suffer from ailments and pests. For prophylactic purposes, wood is regularly treated with insecticide and fungicide solutions. The most common diseases of the ornamental tree include:
- Bacterial burn. Manifested in the blackening of branches, flowers, fruits. The first signs can be seen in the spring, when the flowers turn brown. Activates this disease bacteria Erwiniaamylovora. Bacterial burns are treated with copper-containing preparations with mandatory removal of the affected areas.
- Brown spotting. Manifested in the form of red spots on the surface of young leaves. After the lesions darken, occupying the entire area of the sheet. The disease is caused by the fungus Entomosporium. Ailment is treatable with fungicides. Not bad copes with him Fundazol, Topaz.
- Leaf curl is rare in willow pears rarely, but it happens. Young foliage thickens, deforms, becomes red-yellow in color and falls off. The fight against the disease is in the processing of pears with wolf copper and iron sulphate before the appearance of leaves.
The willow pear is ideal for giving the garden a decorative look. Landscape designers use wood to create arched compositions. The plant blooms profusely and looks beautiful from spring to late autumn.