The greatest reward for the grower for all the work - a great strawberry harvest. Experienced gardeners know that abundant fruit bearing berries occurs in the second and third year after it was transplanted, and a good harvest is a sure sign for the implementation of strawberry transplantation. If this is not done, the berries will become smaller, then they will become smaller. In fact, this is how culture will degenerate in a few years.
To maintain the yield of strawberries, it must be rejuvenated once every 3-4 years. This article will discuss how to properly transplant strawberries in the fall. You will also find out when it is possible to repot the berry, and when it is better not to do it. The article will discuss the advantages of the autumn transplant, and a video will be selected that will further reveal the topic of transplanting strawberries to a new place.
Benefits of the autumn transplant
Many gardeners argue that autumn is the best time to transplant plants from the Rosaceae family. Why? Due to frequent autumn rains, care for the crop during this period can be minimized. In addition, the rains will help young seedlings to take root, as in the ground at this time a high level of humidity. But the question arises: when to transplant strawberries in the fall, in what month?
In September, you can already transplant strawberries. In warm regions, it is possible to perform these manipulations in October. In this case, young seedlings will have time to build up enough leaf mass for its safe wintering. Everything, as they say, must be done in a timely manner, then we can expect a decent reward - a bountiful harvest.
Thanks to the autumn transplant of berries, in the springtime the bushes will already bloom, and you will be able to indulge in a small harvest. In the case of spring transplantation, one cannot expect fruiting in principle.
How to choose strawberry seedlings
After the harvest in August, when it comes to remontant varieties, the strawberries start throwing out mustaches with young rosettes. This period is considered the most suitable for the selection of seedlings. You can also propagate the plant by dividing the bush. But this option can be used only if you choose young bushes that grew in the beds in the summer.
Whiskers can be left to root right on the beds, however, some gardeners root them in separate, pre-prepared containers. So, strawberry transplantation in the autumn will be performed better, and there will be an opportunity to grow seedlings in the winter.
If 4-5 leaflets appeared on a new outlet, then it can already be considered a full-fledged bush, which should already be planted from the parent bush. Before you transplant a young bush, you need to remove all the leaves from it, leaving only 3-4 young leaves. Due to this, the root system will spend less power to feed the green mass, and as a result, the strawberry bush will develop more harmoniously.
It is important that only the first 2 whiskers take root from each bush. All others must be removed. Otherwise, all the seedlings will be small and weak. If, before transplanting strawberries to a new place in the fall, it is plentiful to be watered, then young seedlings will have time to develop a good root system and will quickly take root in the planted area.
Selection of planting seedlings
Before planting seedlings, you must select a plot of land. The soil should be well-fertilized, the soil should be loose and light, preferably clay or sandy-loamy.
Before transplanting strawberries in the spring or autumn should feed the land. This can be done with mineral fertilizers, for example, by making a mixture of peat and wood ash or peat and mullein. In this case, the harvest of strawberries, as well as strawberries (as the crops need the same care), will be stable and abundant.
Strawberries grow well after onions, lettuce, parsley, legumes, beets, garlic, radishes and carrots. For transplanted bushes need to continue to care. Initially, they need to be watered daily, if the autumn has stood arid. In addition, you need to remove all the weeds, so that they do not weaken the soil, and the strawberries could settle down faster and painlessly. Planted plants from the Rosaceae family, including strawberries, cannot be taken after cabbage and plants from the nightshade family.
Strawberry Plantation Formation
If you have already grown seedlings and prepared the necessary plot of land, and the terms of transplantation have already approached, then it's time to start forming new beds of strawberries. You can plant bushes in several ways:
It is better to choose a cloudy day for transplanting, so that later you do not have to nestle the beds. After digging the holes, they should be thoroughly filled with water, and then placed in them seedlings with a clod of earth. Then the young bushes covered with earth and watered abundantly again. With good subsequent care, all the seedlings will take root and in the coming season will give the first harvest.
Transplanted bushes are best to choose from glasses or dig out from the garden just before planting. If you do this, the transplanted bush quickly adapts to the new place, without even stopping the development process.
A few hours after transplantation, the soil will settle. Then the bushes can be poured with dry peat or fertile soil. Roots develop better under a layer of pine needles, straw or sawdust.
A warning! Strawberry root system develops better in wet soil, however, it is important to avoid stagnant water. Otherwise, in the cool autumn nights, excessively wet ground will provoke the development of diseases and rotting of strawberry roots.
Basic rules for transplantation
Now to summarize, transplanting strawberries in spring or autumn is up to you. However, it is important to adhere to some general rules:
- Strawberries should be transplanted by dividing a young bush that is not more than six months old or from young shoots of a mother bush that is no more than 3 years old.
- When is it best to transplant strawberries? To give her the first harvest in spring, you need to transplant it in early autumn, although it can be done in the spring before flowering.
- Young outlets from the antennae can be disconnected from the mother bush after they take root and form 3-4 adult leaves.
- Strawberry loves moderately lit patches of land with slightly acidic, loamy soil. Marshy land can be drained, and acidity should be reduced with the help of lime.
- Culture will take root on the site of the previous planting of legumes. But it grows poorly after tomatoes, potatoes and cucumbers.
- Preparation of beds for planting strawberries need to start in 8 weeks. For this plot digs up, weed plants are removed from it. The soil is fertilized and moistened on the eve of the transplant.
- A young plant will better take root in a new place, if before planting the roots are immersed in a solution of water, clay and manure.
- Between the bushes should be a distance of not less than 25 cm, and between the beds - 55-70 cm.
Before the onset of cold weather, the soil around the bushes must be mulched. If you live in a harsh climate, then strawberry bushes should be covered, and it is better to even build an arcuate frame over each garden, which can be sheathed with oilcloth or polycarbonate.
So, from this article you learned how to transplant strawberries in the fall, why this time is considered the best for carrying out these manipulations and how to choose and prepare the soil and seedlings for transplanting strawberries.
We suggest that you also view a video from which you will learn about several secrets of growing strawberries from one of the experienced gardeners: