When growing garlic, two planting periods are used - spring and autumn. Spring is planted in spring, in autumn - winter.
Agrotechnics of cultivating a crop of different planting times does not make a particular difference, but the nutritional components for each type of garlic are required in a certain composition. High-quality feeding plays an important role. First, during the growing season the plant consumes nutrients from the soil, so they need to be replenished. Secondly, crop rotation. A gardener has to take into account the nutritional needs of the previous crop in order not to leave garlic without the necessary component. After all, each culture consumes "its" set. Feeding garlic in the fall is needed to fill in the missing elements.Tip! The best representatives of the previous plants for garlic heads are legumes, pumpkin, tomatoes and root vegetables, which are removed from the beds early.
The main thing is to make organics under them in sufficient quantity.
Terms of making autumn food
Preparing the ridges for planting garlic begin in advance.
Usually begin to prepare a place for 2 weeks before the beginning of the landing of cloves of garlic. In this case, you need to have time to carry out all the work before the free land begins to overgrow with ubiquitous weeds. After harvesting the previous crop, order is suggested in the garden:
- remove all plant debris and roots;
- disinfect the soil;
- dig deep earth.
As soon as all the roots and remnants of the plants are removed from the bed, pour it with copper sulfate solution. For disinfection take one tablespoon of the substance in a bucket of water. And only then proceed to the next operation. It is at the time of digging best to add the necessary fertilizer for garlic, taking into account the condition of the soil. Do not dig and fertilize before planting garlic. The earth will still be loose and there is a danger of planting material too deep.
And yet, do not leave the plot prepared unattended. It is necessary to water the beds regularly and remove the weeds that have crossed.Important! Consider what fertilizers were made under the previous culture in preparing the beds for garlic.
Planting winter garlic requires careful attention to soil fertility.
Preparatory autumn activities for garlic beds
To grow large heads of spiced garlic does not require special knowledge, but experienced growers are advised not to neglect dressings. Gardeners know that in order to get a good harvest of garlic, they need a sufficient amount of nutrients. In addition to the time of planting and predecessors, the composition and fertility of the soil is of great importance. After all, the soil with high acidity does not like winter garlic at all - its foliage turns yellow. Therefore, before you begin to make additional feeding, it is necessary to reduce the acidity of the soil. Winter garlic is planted in a neutral and fertile land.
It is possible to check the acidity of the soil on the site without complicated analyzes and the attraction of special structures. There are folk ways:
- observation of a set of herbs growing on the site;
- use of chalk;
- using table vinegar;
- by the reaction of the soil in the infusion of leaves of currant or cherry.
Summer residents use indicator strips that can be purchased at the store.
If the site under the garlic bed turned out to be sour soil, then you should carry out liming (within reasonable limits) or add a substance with a high calcium content. To replace these components can ash wood. This is an indispensable assistant to the summer resident during the whole season of garden works and a unique fertilizer.
Useful additives per square meter for different soil composition:
- a bucket of sand and peat for heavy and clay;
- bucket of crushed clay and peat for sandy and sandy;
- the same amount of loam and sand for peaty marshy.
The timely introduction of the necessary fertilizers in early autumn will improve the structure of the soil and give it the opportunity to settle and thicken. And the fertilizer applied will have time to dissolve well in order to turn into a form acceptable for feeding garlic.
We make a nutritious set for autumn feeding
Early preparation of beds for planting garlic allows you to make the necessary elements in time. Gardeners use organic and mineral fertilizers. Garlic responds well to any food. There are a lot of schemes for fertilizer and each is verified by the experience of summer residents on their own plots: It is important to bring in well-matured organic matter:
- It is good to add superphosphate (20 g) and humus (5 kg) per square meter when digging.
- Compost or mature manure in the range of 4-5 kg, potassium salt (25 g), double superphosphate granules (35 g).
Compost, cooked on your own, can be applied in larger quantities. This fertilizer is added when digging up to 11 kg per 1 sq. Km. meter. Well ripened compost is an optimal organic fertilizer for the dacha. Vegetable growers themselves can control the composition and quality of the nutritional composition.
How to make feeding? Organics mixed with the other components are evenly distributed over the surface of the soil and gently dig up the ground to the depth of the spade bayonet.
In addition to the above compositions, fertilizers work well for garlic in the fall in the following ratios:
- Potassium salt (20 g) and granulated superphosphate (30 g) mixed with half a bucket of humus. If the soil is clay, add a bucket of peat. The ratio of components is given on 1 square meter.
- For the same area, you can take a bucket of humus and add wood ash (0.5 l), potassium sulfate (a couple of tablespoons) and double superphosphate in the amount of one tablespoon.
You can fertilize the soil with other types of rotted organic matter (leaves, grass) in the amount of 3 kg mixed with wood ash, superphosphate and nitrophoska. Each component will need 1 tablespoon.Important! Do not use a lot of nitrogen fertilizer in the fall when planting garlic. This will lead to an active growth of green mass, which is undesirable in the period of approaching winter.
Take urea, ammonia, calcium or sodium nitrate as the nitrogen components. And the amount of these components should be two times less than phosphorus-potassium.
Excellent rescues vegetable growers, in the absence of organic matter on the site, complex mineral fertilizer.
Vegetable Growers Tips
If previous crops received a sufficient amount of supplements, then do not get carried away with fertilizers before planting garlic. In this case, fewer nutrients will benefit garlic.
In the autumn, chemicals are introduced in a dry form so that the penetration into the soil is gradual.
Compliance with the garlic supplementation schedule ensures a good harvest of healthy and large heads.