How well and how long it will be stored depends on when garlic is harvested. It is often difficult to guess with the time of harvest, because garlic ripens just at the time when most of the work in the garden. But, it is very important not to miss this important moment, so that all the works are not in vain and the fruits are well preserved until the next harvest. Below you will see when digging garlic in the Moscow region and how to do it correctly.
When to remove garlic
Harvesting garlic is directly dependent on the weather conditions of the region, time and method of planting. The ripening period of fruits in different regions is about the same. But still, in some areas the spring is earlier, in others, on the contrary, comes later. It depends on this when the active growth of the bulbs begins.
Also of great importance are the weather conditions. In moderately warm climates, the heads ripen faster, and by the end of July we can begin harvesting. If the summer was rainy with sudden changes in temperature, then you may have to dig out the bulbs ahead of time and leave to dry in a dry room.
Also much depends on the type of garlic:
- Winter garlic (or winter) is planted in the garden in the fall. Already in spring the heads will fully mature, and it can be removed from the garden. Usually, such garlic is very large and high-yielding. It is distinguished by upright and tall stems.
- Summer or spring garlic is planted in early spring. Already in summer the bulbs can be harvested. This species is not so big, but it is stored much longer.
As you can see, there are many factors that affect the time of collection of the bulbs. In order to do this on time, it is necessary to consider all these points.
When to harvest winter garlic
Winter garlic fully ripens by mid-July. In regions with a temperate climate, heads must be removed from the beds already a week before the end of the month. In the Moscow region this period may last a little longer, but not more than a week.Attention! After the heads are ripe, they are left for a week for another week. Thus, the bulbs dry better and ripen.
When digging spring garlic
This species naturally ripens longer than winter. It is necessary to dig spring garlic 2 weeks later than its early “relative”. Usually this time falls on the end of August. In colder climates, heads dig only by September. Of course, it all depends on weather conditions. Harvest time may vary slightly each year. Due to frequent rains, garlic can ripen even in mid-September.
How to determine the full maturation of garlic
Experienced gardeners can easily determine the degree of maturity of the fruit in appearance. A sign that the fruits are already ripe, will be yellowed and fallen lower leaves. If such a phenomenon is observed towards the end of July, then this, of course, indicates the maturity of the fruit. If you notice dry leaves in the midst of the growing season, then most likely the garlic is sick or needs watering.
You can also determine the maturity of the fruit on the arrows, which are formed on plants somewhere in the middle of June. In order for garlic to direct all its strength to the growth of fruits, it is customary to break out such arrows. But still, you can leave a couple of pieces, by which we will determine whether the fruit has ripened or not. In ripe garlic, the arrow is solid and straight. The seed box at the top should crack, and the seeds appear out. It is during this period that the onions are dug.
Important! The above method is only suitable for winter garlic, because the spring does not release arrows.
In this case, you must follow the leaves and stems. In ripe garlic, they dry out and lie on the ground. Now you can check the maturity of the bulbs, digging one of the soil. If it is fully ripe, you will understand it by the following features:
- dense and solid head;
- scales are not less than 3 layers;
- easily separated teeth;
- the film is removed from the teeth easily.
It is very important to collect the bulbs on time. Otherwise, the heads may crack and expose teeth. Such fruits are poorly stored fresh. In addition, they are not suitable for planting next year.
Harvesting and storage
A month before harvesting should stop watering plants. And in 7 days it would be nice to dig up the earth a little near the bulbs. Thus, the heads will ripen faster. To remove the fruit from the garden is necessary on a warm day.
The collection process consists of the following steps:
- Fruits break through with forks or shovels. Self-plucking bulbs is not recommended, as this may damage the teeth.
- After that, remove the remains of soil from the bulbs with hands. Do not shake or clog garlic on the ground.
- Dug out garlic spread in rows for further drying. In this form, the bulbs must be on the bed for at least 4 days.
- Now you can cut dry stalks and leaves.
Some gardeners prefer to immediately remove the bulbs in a special room and only dried there. Thus, you can protect the crop from sunburn and unexpected rains. However, indoors, the heads will dry out a little longer than in the open air. In this case, the garlic will dry in about 2 weeks. After complete drying, the fruit should be cut and sorted by size.Attention! Small heads should be consumed immediately. Larger fruits are stored better, so they are left to hibernate.
Someone weaves bundles of bundles and stores in limbo. Others lay their heads in cardboard boxes and leave them in a dry place. To create better conditions you can shift the layers of heads with parchment. Wicker baskets are the best option for storage. They easily get fresh air, so that the bulbs keep longer.
Winter varieties are best kept in a cellar or refrigerator. Such conditions will slightly extend its usefulness. Spring garlic is stored better, even in a warm room, it will not lose its properties.
As we have seen, it is important not only to grow strong bulbs, but also to dig them out in time. The ripening period of garlic in the Moscow region may vary depending on the variety and weather conditions. It is very important to monitor the appearance of plants. It is he who will tell you that the time has come for harvesting. It is also very important to properly store the dug heads. Fulfilling all the above rules, you can extend the shelf life of the heads until the next harvest.